Peadar Kirby: The issue of Ireland’s rate of corporation tax again dominated the news agenda over the weekend with the standoff between some EU Ministers (notably the Germans) and Irish Ministers being yet again reiterated. It appears ever clearer that the refusal of the Irish side to enter into discussions on the issue is becoming the obstacle to gaining a lower interest rate on the country’s borrowings and, perhaps, other concessions also on the contents of the bailout package. What is most disturbing is the lack of any debate here in Ireland as to whether the dogged stance being adopted by Irish Ministers is in the best interests of Irish development, as to whose interests it most serves, and as to what might be the balance to be struck between moral and economic grounds for continuing the present stance. The extent to which the present policy stance has been elevated into a fundamental bedrock of national policy and the extent to which the media and commentators accept this without the slighted debate or questioning, invites comparison with the worst days of the cosy consensus of the Celtic Tiger period.
There are at least three major dimensions of the issue that require public debate. The first is the economic one and, for most of those who mention this issue, this seems the only dimension that matters. But, in addition, there is a major moral dimension that urgently requires airing, and a dimension relating to international justice and fairness highlighted recently in an interesting analysis paper published by the Debt and Development Coalition Ireland which seemed to get little media attention.
To deal with the economic issue firstly. To many it seems self-evident that raising our corporation tax rate would damage our attractiveness for foreign investors. Perhaps this is true, but it would be good to have some evidence to back up such a claim. Just what damage might a few percentage points on our low rate do to Ireland’s attractiveness as a destination for investors? In other words, among the many attractions of Ireland, just how important is the present rate of tax? Indeed, the argument of some Ministers that in effect France has a lower rate than does Ireland could lead one to draw the conclusion that the tax rate is not the determining factor after all, given that Ireland continues to attract investment in this situation. Furthermore, the argument needs to be broadened to a discussion of industrial policy, something that is urgently overdue. Numerous reports have been issued over recent decades recommending that the state wean itself off its dependence on foreign investment yet, if anything, that dependence has grown over this period. One wonders what positive advantages for the development of a more robust and consistent policy for the growth of SMEs might result from the raising of our corporation tax rate, particularly if the tax regime could be designed in a way that did help foster greater innovation in this sector. At the very least, a rise in the corporation tax rate would serve to wean our politicians and officials off the instinctive reaction that economic development and export-led growth have to depend on foreign investors.
The second important issue that is entirely absent in consideration of this issue is the moral one. Are there not very strong grounds for arguing that, in a situation where those on average and low incomes are bearing a major burden of the adjustment efforts being made by the state, that those corporations which make huge profits from Irish workers and receive very favourable treatment by the state should make some modest contribution to recovery? It is noteworthy that those many voices that are raised in criticism of the fact that Irish taxpayers are being forced to bail out French and German banks, do not see the similarities between this favouring of corporate interests over citizens’ interests and the consequences of the state’s failure to seek a greater contribution from corporations which have benefited greatly from their presence in Ireland.
A third issue concerns international justice, again a dimension that is entirely missing from Irish concerns on the issue of corporation tax despite the widespread interest among the public in international development. Attention was drawn to this in the report entitled ‘Driving the Getaway Car? Ireland, Tax and Development’ issued by the Debt and Development Coalition Ireland last month. This is a very useful overview of some of the ways in which Ireland’s low corporation tax ‘is open to abuse by multinational firms in a way that directly or indirectly damages the tax take of Southern countries’ (page 41). While the author, Dr Sheila Killian of UL, does not consider the effect of raising the rate of Ireland’s corporation tax, she does recommend a number of actions that Ireland could take to seek more effectively to ensure that these abuses do not occur. The EU’s CCCTB proposal seems designed to address some of these potential abuses.
Each of these dimensions of the issue of corporation tax requires a lively public debate. Furthermore, since this touches on moral and development issues as well as ones relating to industrial policy, it would benefit from a range of voices and concerns finding expression. Yet, I suspect that one of the reasons why this is not happening is the very efficient lobbying being done on behalf of US corporations by the American Chamber of Commerce, a very powerful lobby group. It already made the position of the US corporations very clear just as EU pressure was mounting on Ireland to raise its corporation tax. Lobby groups have, of course, every right to put the position of their members forward. However, when the state adopts a similar position with no public debate, and when the media row in behind this without raising any questions, then we are in a very troubling situation which bears far too much resemblance to the lack of debate and the caving in to vested property interests that characterised the public realm during the Celtic Tiger years.
Prof Peadar Kirby @kirbypeadar
Peadar Kirby is Professor Emeritus of International Politics and Public Policy at the University of Limerick from where he retired in 2012. Before joining UL in 2007, he was Associate Professor in the School of Law and Government at Dublin City University. He is a former journalist with The Irish Times and, from 1984-86, was associate editor of Noticias Aliadas in Lima, Peru.
Peadar also holds the positions of adjunct professor in the Centre for Small State Studies in the University of Iceland, adjunct professor in the Network for Power, Politics and Society in Maynooth University, and in the autumn of 2012 he held the UNESCO chair of South-North studies in the University of Valencia, Spain.
He is the author of Celtic Tiger in Collapse: Explaining the Weaknesses of the Irish Model, Power, Dissent and Democracy, and co-author of Towards a Second Republic: Irish Politics after the Celtic Tiger.